[19-Oct-2023] New Security+ SY0-601 Dumps with VCE and PDF from PassLeader (New Questions)

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Which of the following best describes a use case for a DNS sinkhole?

A.    Attackers can see a DNS sinkhole as a highly valuable resource to identify a company’s domain structure.
B.    A DNS sinkhole can be used to draw employees away from known-good websites to malicious ones owned by the attacker.
C.    A DNS sinkhole can be used to capture traffic to known-malicious domains used by attackers.
D.    A DNS sinkhole can be set up to attract potential attackers away from a company’s network resources.

Answer: C

Which of the following explains why an attacker cannot easily decrypt passwords using a rainbow table attack?

A.    Digital signatures.
B.    Salting.
C.    Hashing.
D.    Perfect forward secrecy.

Answer: B

A company reduced the area utilized in its data center by creating virtual networking through automation and by creating provisioning routes and rules through scripting. Which of the following does this example describe?

A.    IaC
B.    MSSP
C.    Containers
D.    SaaS

Answer: A

Historically, a company has had issues with users plugging in personally owned removable media devices into corporate computers. As a result, the threat of malware incidents is almost constant. Which of the following would best help prevent the malware from being installed on the computers?

A.    AUP
B.    NGFW
C.    DLP
D.    EDR

Answer: D

While investigating a recent security breach, an analyst finds that an attacker gained access by SQL injection through a company website. Which of the following should the analyst recommend to the website developers to prevent this from reoccurring?

A.    Secure cookies.
B.    Input sanitization.
C.    Code signing.
D.    Blocklist.

Answer: B

Which of the following best describes the risk that is present once mitigations are applied?

A.    Control risk.
B.    Residual risk.
C.    Inherent risk.
D.    Risk awareness.

Answer: B

A security architect at a large, multinational organization is concerned about the complexities and overhead of managing multiple encryption keys securely in a multicloud provider environment. The security architect is looking for a solution with reduced latency to allow the incorporation of the organization’s existing keys and to maintain consistent, centralized control and management regardless of the data location. Which of the following would best meet the architect’s objectives?

A.    Trusted Platform Module
B.    IaaS
C.    HSMaaS
D.    PaaS

Answer: C
HSM as a Service (HSMaaS), Hardware security modules (HSMs) are fortified, tamper-resistant hardware components that produce, safeguard, and manage keys for encrypting and decrypting data and establishing digital signatures and certificates.

Which of the following best represents an application that does not have an on-premises requirement and is accessible from anywhere?

A.    PaaS
B.    Hybrid Cloud
C.    Private Cloud
D.    IaaS
E.    SaaS

Answer: E

During an investigation, events from two affected servers in the same subnetwork occurred at the same time:

Server 1: [01/Apr/2021:06:00:00 PST] SAN access denied for user ‘admin’
Server 2: [01/Apr/2021:06:01:01 CST] SAN access successful for user ‘admin’

Which of the following should be consistently configured to prevent the issue seen in the logs?

A.    Geolocation
B.    TOTP
C.    NTP
D.    MFA

Answer: C

The most recent vulnerability scan flagged the domain controller with a critical vulnerability. The systems administrator researched the vulnerability and discovered the domain controller does not run the associated application with the vulnerability. Which of the following steps should the administrator take next?

A.    Ensure the scan engine is configured correctly.
B.    Apply a patch to the domain controller.
C.    Research the CVE.
D.    Document this as a false positive.

Answer: D

A company has decided to move its operations to the cloud. It wants to utilize technology that will prevent users from downloading company applications for personal use, restrict data that is uploaded, and have visibility into which applications are being used across the company. Which of the following solutions will best meet these requirements?

A.    An NGFW.
B.    A CASB.
C.    Application whitelisting.
D.    An NG-SWG.

Answer: B
A Cloud Access Security Broker (CASB) would best meet the requirements stated in the scenario. CASBs can provide visibility into which cloud applications are being used across a company, restrict data that is uploaded to the cloud, and prevent unauthorized downloading of company applications for personal use. They act as a gatekeeper, allowing the organization to extend its security policies beyond its own infrastructure. CASBs provide features like visibility, data security, threat protection, and compliance, ensuring secure and only authorized use of cloud services by employees.

An internet company has created a new collaboration application. To expand the user base, the company wants to implement an option that allows users to log in to the application with the credentials of other popular websites. Which of the following should the company implement?

A.    SSO
B.    CHAP
C.    802.1x
D.    OpenID

Answer: D
It’s using sign-in credentials from OTHER popular websites. An example of this would be logging into CompTIA using a google/gmail account. OpenID uses SSO. However, SSO is more broad and I feel OpenID perfectly fits this scenario.

Following a prolonged data center outage that affected web-based sales, a company has decided to move its operations to a private cloud solution. The security team has received the following requirements:
– There must be visibility into how teams are using cloud-based services.
– The company must be able to identify when data related to payment cards is being sent to the cloud.
– Data must be available regardless of the end user’s geographic location.
– Administrators need a single pane-of-glass view into traffic and trends.
Which of the following should the security analyst recommend?

A.    Create firewall rules to restrict traffic to other cloud service providers.
B.    Install a DLP solution to monitor data in transit.
C.    Implement a CASB solution.
D.    Configure a web-based content filter.

Answer: C

A recent malware outbreak across a subnet included successful rootkit installations on many PCs, ensuring persistence by rendering remediation efforts ineffective. Which of the following would best detect the presence of a rootkit in the future?

A.    FDE
B.    NIDS
C.    EDR
D.    DLP

Answer: C
EDR (Endpoint Detection and Response) is the most suitable solution among the given options for detecting the presence of a rootkit. EDR solutions continuously monitor and collect data from endpoints, looking for suspicious activities and behavior patterns that might indicate the presence of malware, including rootkits. They also provide tools for investigating and responding to security incidents, making them effective for dealing with sophisticated threats that can evade traditional antivirus solutions.

An organization is building a single virtual environment that will host customer applications and data that require availability at all times. The data center that is hosting the environment will provide generator power and ISP services. Which of the following is the best solution to support the organization’s requirement?

A.    NIC teaming.
B.    Cloud backups.
C.    A load balancer appliance.
D.    UPS.

Answer: D
While NIC teaming, cloud backups, and load balancer appliances are all important for different aspects of an IT infrastructure, they do not directly address the need for continuous power availability, which is the primary concern in this scenario. UPS, in combination with backup generators and ISP services, helps ensure that the data center remains operational even during power-related issues.

A new company wants to avoid channel interference when building a WLAN. The company needs to know the radio frequency behavior, identify dead zones, and determine the best place for access points. Which of the following should be done first?

A.    Configure heat maps.
B.    Utilize captive portals.
C.    Conduct a site survey.
D.    Install Wi-Fi analyzers.

Answer: C

A software company adopted the following processes before releasing software to production:
– Peer review.
– Static code scanning.
– Signing.
A considerable number of vulnerabilities are still being detected when code is executed on production. Which of the following security tools can improve vulnerability detection on this environment?

A.    File integrity monitoring for the source code.
B.    Dynamic code analysis tool.
C.    Encrypted code repository.
D.    Endpoint detection and response solution.

Answer: B

A security analyst needs to harden access to a network. One of the requirements is to authenticate users with smart cards. Which of the following should the analyst enable to best meet this requirement?

A.    CHAP
B.    PEAP
C.    MS-CHAPv2

Answer: D
EAP-TLS is a strong and secure authentication method that involves the use of digital certificates, typically stored on smart cards, for user authentication. It requires the user to present a valid certificate, which is verified by the authentication server, providing a high level of security.

A penetration-testing firm is working with a local community bank to create a proposal that best fits the needs of the bank. The bank’s information security manager would like the penetration test to resemble a real attack scenario, but it cannot afford the hours required by the penetration-testing firm. Which of the following would best address the bank’s desired scenario and budget?

A.    Engage the penetration-testing firm’s rea-team services to fully mimic possible attackers.
B.    Give the penetration tester data diagrams of core banking applications in a known-environment test.
C.    Limit the scope of the penetration test to only the system that is used for teller workstations.
D.    Provide limited networking details in a partially known-environment test to reduce reconnaissance efforts.

Answer: D

A certificate vendor notified a company that recently invalidated certificates may need to be updated. Which of the following mechanisms should a security administrator use to determine whether the certificates installed on the company’s machines need to be updated?

A.    SCEP
B.    OCSP
C.    CSR
D.    CRL

Answer: D
From a practical standpoint, an administrator would use automation to compare all existing certificates with the revocation list, but potentially they could also script to OCSP per each certificate in the environment. Either option seem valid, but CRL seems the better option from enterprise scan perspective.


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